Concepts of Knit Garments Merchandising
Functions of Merchandisers:
- hanging of Sample orders
- Yarn Procurement Arrangements.
- Production Scheduling / Route CARD Drafting.
- Accessories arrangement
- Approval of various methods of sewing operations and ending processes.
- Pattern approval / Dummy size set approval.
- Size set approval.
- Preproduction sample follow-ups.
- Pilot run view.
- In-process inspection.
- Production regulating.
- Identifying shortages and make arrangements for the deficit.
- Shortage quantity and quality following the quality control process.
- Following quality assurance procedures.
- Maintaining the junior activities of in house and sub-contractor units.
- Buyer communication.
- Communication with production units, processing units, and other third parties.
- accurate reporting.
- Highlighting to the management.
- Record maintenance.
- Developing samples.
- Taking a measurement for consistent production.
- Attending meetings with superiors and furnishings the required details about merchandising.
Sample order execution:
After the receiving of the Specification, pertaining to the sample order, the merchandiser has to understand what the requirements of buyers are. Sometimes there may be correction related to any of the specifications in the sample order chuddar. It is the duty of the merchandiser to fulfill sample order and dispatch on time the right quality.
The merchandisers should know the following details whilst costing.
- Yarn cost.
- Process of about Knitting, Bleaching, and Raising, etc cost.
- Rates pertaining to different sewing operations.
- Cut Make Trim Rate.
- Ironing charges, packing charges and accessories rate.
- Shortage / wastage 3%.
- Free on Board (Transport charges) 2% to 3%.
- Insurance 2%-4%,
- Buyers’ agents discount 5%-6%,
- Profit 15% – 20%
Most likely programming is done by the production manager. In a few companies, it is done by merchandisers. The following factors should be considered in programming.
Route card Drafting / Production Scheduling:
For each and every order Route card / Production scheduling is to be done by the merchandisers. It simplifies the merchandiser to follow up on the orders in a planned manner. The following details/aspects should be considered in drafting/ scheduling.
- No. of sewing operations
- No. of processes
- Dispatch date
- No. of Components
- Type of needle
- Order amount
- The production capacity of the houses / sub-contractors unit and processing units.
- Prioritizing the various factors
- Targeted dates for various methods/stages of merchandising.
Targeted dates for all the stages of merchandising should be obvious. Actual dates on which an exceptional process/operation is actually done should also be entered in production scheduling. The merchandisers are responsible for the deviation.
Merchandiser has to make preparation for the timely delivery of the required garment accessories to the anxious units. Accessories requisition slip may be used for necessity purposes. The merchandiser has to cross-check the actual requirements after verifying the details equipped in the accessories requisition form. After the receipt of the goods quality check will be committed.
Approval of various method sewing operations and ending processes:
The various process of sewing operations and completion process such as pattern making, cutting,
will be chosen by the technical merchandisers
Patterns should be approved for
- Style and fit
- exactness of pattern
If there is any non-conformance in a pattern that should be reformed before it is used in production
Pattern approval samples will be received from the worried units and approved by the approval
department/ merchandisers, If there is non-conformance in any size sample revised sample for that size should be again introduced for approval.
These samples should be presented on time to the concerned person. All the quality parameters have to be verified. In the case of non-conformance, it will be alluded to the approval sheet by the concerned persons. Sometime we may have to submit the revised samples after the required correctness.
Pilot run inspection:
Pilot run prevails the first production garments quality parameters are accomplished and preventive
measures can be taken. The follow-up team should do a pilot run inspection to identify the different
defects and it will be rectified in production.
In process means in between any process/ sewing operation / any activities related to the discharge of an order. We can have procedures for frequency and adequacy. A consistent follow-up inspection is a must to confirm that all the required quality procedures are adopted by the concerned units and preventive actions are taken to enhance the performance.
Controlling should be right from the active level also. Efforts should be taken to control the non-conformists during out turn. Consistent convoy is essential to control the non-conformance. The periodic quality check should be done after an hour.
The merchandiser has to identify the deficiency of any material that is yarn, fabric, etc. right at the initial stages. After identifying the scarcity steps are to be taken for the arrangement of requisite materials on time. In case of shortages also we have to follow the quality control and quality consolation procedure without fail. The quality of the material should not be compromised.
The detection of drawback is not only the duty of a merchandiser. He has to take prohibitive actions to eliminate handicaps in all the stages of merchandising.
Attending meetings with superiors:
Meetings may be directed for general discussions about order execution/for implementing new systems like ISO/ it may be a status meeting. the production details about various buyers order will be collected by the merchandiser from various units and will be equipped to superiors. The merchandiser is accountable to reply to the various questions raised by the superiors concerning the execution of the allotted orders.