Different Terms used in Garments Sector
Some extra assessment is added with original body measurement while making garments. This extra assessment for making garments is known as allowance. For example, if the chest measurement is 100cm then it is counted as 100+2+2cm while making a pattern. Here, 2+2cm is an allowance.
Armhole: Armhole is the boundary measurement of the arm where the sleeve is attached to garments.
back tacking is a safe stitch that is done after completing a stitch the direction of back tacking is opposite to the main stitch. Back tacking is done to protect the unwinding of the stitch and its length is normally 1cm to the backward direction.
backstitch is a pattern that is made without any allowances or any style of garments.
Bar tack is a re-stitching over a small length after completing a stitch. There are some components of garments that are required to bear excess load than other components. That’s why the stitch potency of those components should be more than other components. So, re-stitching is done over the stitch of those components to bear the extra load which is known as bar tack. For example, a bar tack is done to the corner of the pocket belt loop, etc.
The diameter of the button is known as button assessment. The soloist of button measurements is ligne.
1 ligne = 0.635mm
After cutting of fabric similar parts of garments are kept by tiding them up temporarily, this is convenient to shift from one place to another which is called bundle.
C, B line:
C, B line means center backline. It is the straight line through the midpoint of the body in the back part of a shirt.
C, F line:
C, F line means center front line. It beginning from the collar and finish to the bottom hem and passes through the middle of the front part of a shirt.
The point at which the two inside seam of a part is connected is known as the Crutch point.
It is a facsimile of a human body. It is formed of plastic. Rubber, stone. it is usually used to check the suitability of a garment. In the shop, various dummies are used to display their products in wearing condition. Different size dummies are found in the bazaar.
The acute which is used in the shoulder of overcoat, jacket, sportswear. are conversant as Epaulet. It is used in the garments to protect the disagreeing extension at the shoulder point.
The making of various sizes pattern from the master pattern is called grading.
The straight line with an arrow that is drawn on every pattern pieces to indicate the grain of the fabric is called a grain line. This line is used to place the pattern collateral with the grain of the fabric.
The garments which are worn while working to protect the body from adverse environment and dust are called work wear.
Or, The garments specially produced to encounter adverse environment condition is known as workwear. It is produced for workers who are working in adverse conditions.
It means a letter for credit. The letter or paper issued by a bank which ensures the certainty to pay the price of products in favor of buyer of those goods is called LC. LC is a significant document on export, import business.
Back to back LC:
If the raw materials are imported from an external country and the produced goods by those raw materials are again exported to that country, then the LC uncovered for that business is called back to back LC. The raw materials which are imported by back to back LC cannot be sold in the local market.
It is an important document in business which is sent with the merchandise after setting. The invoice includes item statement, prices, no of cartoons, etc. Any shipment is not accommodated without a commercial invoice.
FOB means “Free On Board”. It is a pricing system. If the price of goods is mentioned in the invoice without any transportation cost, then this system is called the FOB price-system.
C & F:
C&F means “Cost and Flight”. It is a pricing system. If the actual price of goods and transport costs are mentioned in the invoice, then this system is called the C and F price system.
CIF means “Cost, Insurance, and Flight”. It is a pricing system. If the actual price of goods and transport costs and insurance costs are mentioned in the invoice, then this system is called the C and F price system.